Amazon National Parks
Looking for adventure? Want to take a walk on the wild side? If so, the Amazon Rainforest is a must! Spanning over 5.5 million square kilometers and nine countries, this natural paradise is home to approximately 10 million different species of animals, plants, and insects. To help you on your journey we have compiled a list of the most spectacular National Parks in the Amazon Rainforest!
Pico de Neblina National Park
Named after the tallest mountain in Brazil, this national park embraces both the Amazon Rainforest and Brazil’s highest mountain range. Located in Northern Brazil, this park combines towering mountain peaks and raw unexplored jungle. The mountain Pico de Neblina (which the park is named after) towers at 9,823 feet and can be seen for miles. Bring a raincoat, because this park is one of the wettest parts of the Amazon!
Jau National Park
Jau National Park is the largest national park in South America. Covering over 5.6 million acres, Jua is home to hundreds of animals and birds. While exploring this vast park, you can come across everything from Amazon river dolphins and Amazonian manatees to fierce jaguars! The isolated Okampha tribe calls this park home and remains isolated from tourists.
Tumucumaque National Park
Found in northern Brazil, this National park is larger than the size of the state of Maryland. This park is raw unexplored forest, home to eight different primate species, 350 bird species, and 37 lizard species. This rich and biodiverse park is home to some rare species such as the giant anteater, brown-bearded saki monkey, and harpy eagle.
Serra do Divisor National Park
- Located on the Peruvian border, this remote National Park can only be reached by a three-day boat trip!
- Beautiful waterfalls are abundant in Serra do Divisor, perfect for swimming.
- Visit the Nukini tribe and be welcomed by the Pé da Serra community.
- Serra do Divisor is designated as a Tentative World Heritage Site since 1998.
- You’ll need a guided and a permit to enter the park so plan accordingly.
Yasuní National Park
This UNESCO International Biosphere Reserve is the largest mainland national park in Ecuador, nearly 2.5 million acres of unexplored wilderness. Only receiving approximately 150 visitors annually, this park is one of the most biodiverse parks in the Amazon. More than a 170 species of mammals and 600 bird species have been found in the park. There are two primary tribes that inhabit this park, the Hauronai and Taegari. With local guides you can take a boat up and down the river to witness the true beauty of this park.
Llanganates National Park
- The park is divided into two zones, the western zone located in the Andes, and the eastern zone which consists of the upper Amazon.
- The upper Amazon part of the park is very difficult to reach and is usually only accessible by foot.
- Due to the vastly different ecosystems provided by the Andes and the apper Amazon, Llanganates is home to some 194 bird species and 51 mammals including spectacle bears, ocelots and jaguars.
Cuyabeno National Park
he Cuyabeno Biosphere Reserve is situated in both Napo and Sucumbíos Provinces in the Ecuadorian Amazon Region; founded in 1979, it contains 603.380 hectares of tropical rainforest stretching north towards the Colombian border and east to the Peruvian border.
The access can either be from Quito by plane to Lago Agrio (40 minutes flight), then canoe ride down the Aguarico River to the chosen Lodge. Visitor can also arrive by public bus (9-10 hours) to Lago Agrio to start their tour.
Cuyabeno was once part of a Pleistocene refuge, an area in which the process of evolution continued throughout the last Ice Age while life around it ground to a frozen halt. Consequently, Cuyabeno is now an important hot spot of biological diversity. It houses over 500 species of birds, 250 species of fish and 100 species of mammals, which makes the Reserve a great natural example of the Jungle’s biodiversity
Manu National Park
This national park covers nearly 4.5 million acres, making it the largest area of protected land in Peru. If you are interested in bird watching, then this is the park to visit, Manu is said to be home to 10% of all the bird species in the world. The topography in the park ranges from 650 feet in elevation to 13,123 feet! The unique landscape contributes to the rich biodiversity of the park.
Yaguas National Park
- Yaguas is a new national park in becoming formally established in 2018.
- Yaguas is more than two million acres of pure Amazonian Rainforest! About the size of Yellowstone National Park in the United States.
- Home to 550 fish species, this park consists of two-thirds of the freshwater fish diversity in Peru.
- Not only home for fish, the rivers in Yaguas are also occupied by freshwater pink river dolphins, manatees, and the giant river otter.
Cordillera Azul National Park
- This park is a special crossroads between the Amazon Basin and the Andes mountain range.
- Larger than the US state of Connecticut.
- Cordillera Azule is home to 6,000 plant species, 80 mammal species and over 600 birds!
- The park was founded to promote sustainable development of neighboring communities and conserve species.
- Around 250,000 people live in 400 communities in the buffer zone around the park.
The Pacaya Samiria National Park
The Pacaya Samiria National Reserve stretches over Loreto, Requena, High Amazon and Ucayali provinces. The reserve stretches over 2,080,000 hectares and is located in the Ucamara depression, where the Ucayali and Marañon Rivers converge giving origin to the Grand Amazon River. The south-western part is delimited by a border of low hills that divides the waters from the Huallaga River.
Pacaya Samiria is the second largest protected natural area in Peru and one of the best spots for nature & adventure tourism. The reserve protects tropical rainforest ecosystems that contain great biodiversity which makes it a Natural Wonder of the World. The main purpose of the reserve is to preserve flora and fauna resources, as well as Local Communities that makes the most of the area’s natural resources. The reserve contains the basins of the Pacaya, Samiria and Yanayacu-Pucate Rivers.
Great portion of the territory is floodable jungle, with various islets and lagoons; the most visited is the “El Dorado”, considered the heart of the reserve and containing the most fauna, located in the Yanayacu low basin and it poses as a successful example of entrepreneurship in Community tourism.
When sailing along the rivers visitor can observe pink-dolphins, manatees, variety of monkeys and many species of birds, mammals and fish. There are also several activities to enjoy in the area such as: hiking, trekking, camping, caving, bird-watching, and flora and fauna spotting. These activities are offered when taking a river Cruise and/or by taking a Lodge program.
Regarding weather, the monthly average temperature ranges between 20 °C and 33 °C (68° and 92° F). The rainy season occurs between October and April and the best time for visiting the reserve is between May and September.
Access to the National Reserve is by Air from Lima (Capital of Peru) to the City of Iquitos for about 1 hour, 45 minutes. On arrival, tourists are transferred to Nauta (3 hours, approximately).
There are three main tourist routes:
- Yanayacu-Pucate Basin, from the 20 de Enero community, close to Nauta, to the famous El Dorado lagoon. This is the area with the most shelters and campsites on the river.
- Low and middle basin of the Samiria River, visiting the Yarina, Fortuna and Ungurahui lagoons. In San Martín de Tipishca, at the start of the basin, tourists can also stay with inhabitants of the native Kukamakukamiria community, who offer various hiking and canoe tours.
- Pacaya low basin. Here lagoons abound and the forest remains flooded for most of the year
Madidi National Park
This national park is one of the largest protected areas in the country. The unique geography of Madidi places the tropical jungle in the shadows of snow-capped mountains. The varying elevation offers unique ecosystems from mountain peaks to cloud forests and tropical jungles. Due to the differing ecosystems this park is one of the most diverse areas of the Amazon Rainforest.
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park
- Noel Kempff covers 16,000 square kilometers of land, including the Huanchaca Plateau, a large plateau that rises 550 meters over the surround terrain.
- Noel Kempff is home to several different habitats including deciduous forests, Amazon Rainforests, and savannah wetlands.
- Noel Kempff is UNESCO World Heritage Site
- This park is one of the most diverse locations for amphibians and reptiles in the Americas.
- It is also home to unique river animals such as the pink river dolphin, the black caiman and the elusive giant river otter.
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